Call of the Wild, The Cosby Show (4x02) [x]
P R I M I T I V E P R I M E !: “And when one of them finds his other half, whether he be a lover of...
“And when one of them finds his other half, whether he be a lover of youth or a lover of another sort, the pair are lost in an amusement of love and friendship and intimacy, and one will not be out of the other’s sight, as I may say, even for a moment; these are they who pass their lives with one…
It has made me better loving you … it has made me wiser, and easier, and brighter. I used to want a great many things before, and to be angry that I did not have them. Theoretically, I was satisfied. I flattered myself that I had limited my wants. But I was subject to irritation; I used to have morbid sterile hateful fits of hunger, of desire. Now I really am satisfied, because I can’t think of anything better.
The human brain is able to identify individuals’ voices by comparing them against an internal ‘average voice’ prototype, according to neuroscientists.
A study carried out by researchers at the University of Glasgow and reported in the journal Current Biology demonstrates that voice identity is coded in the brain by reference to two internal voice prototypes – one male, one female.
Voices that have the greatest difference from the prototype are perceived as more distinctive and produce greater neural activity than voices deemed very similar.
The researchers in the Institute of Neuroscience & Psychology conducted the study by generating a voice prototype through morphing 32 same-gender voices together resulting in a smooth, idealised voice with few irregularities.
They then generated different voices by altering the ‘distance-to-mean’ of the prototype voice – for example, changing the tone and pitch or morphing two or more voices together.
Using functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging (fMRI), the researchers were able to see increased neural activity the further from the prototype the voices were.
Professor Pascal Belin said: “Like faces, voices can be used to identify a person, yet the neural basis of this ability remains poorly understood. Here we provide the first evidence of a norm-based coding mechanism the brain uses to identify a speaker.
“The research indicates this is a similar process for the identification of faces, where the brain also uses an average face to compare against other faces it encounters in order to establish identity.
“So, rather than having to remember each single voice it hears every day for a lifetime, the brain facilitates the task of identification by remembering only the differences from the prototype it stores.
“It leads to a range of interesting and important questions, such as whether the prototypes are innate, stored templates or whether they are subject to environmental and cultural influences. Could the prototype consist of an average of all voices experiences during one’s life?”
Two similar views of the Mariner II model on display. The information plaques read as follows, left to right.
“PLANETARY SPACECRAFT - At launch, Mariner is five feet in Diameter and at its base, and 9 feet 3.3 inches high. In cruise position, it is 18.5 feet across and 13 feet, 2.3 inches high. The spacecraft weighs 446 pounds. Its scientific experiments weigh 40 pounds and the structure, power supply, propulsion, communications, electronics and other support equipment make up the remainder. More advanced Voyager Spacecraft for launches in the vicinity of Mars and Venus are being developed. They will be three times heavier, carrying more equipment and able to make more refined observations.”
“PLANETARY PROGRAMME - Information about or perhaps proof of extraterrestrial life may well come from an instrumented capsule planted on the surface of Mars by a Spacecraft! investigation and possible detection of extraterrestrial life would undoubtedly constitute one of the great scientific discoveries of history. Observations of Mars from earth have given us reason to believe that some form of “life” may exist there. No one can surmise at this time what that life form may be like. In the U.S. planetary research programme, Mariner II has already revealed much of the heretofore secretive nature of Venus. More sophisticated Voyager spacecraft will carry instrument-laden capsules to be ejected for landings on Mars. While the capsules enter the Mars atmosphere and land, the Voyager spacecraft will continue to perform scanning operations to collect date for relay back to earth.”
Unfortunately, it’s not possible to make out the information panel behind the right solar panel, or near the Pioneer probe to the right. It is interesting to note, however, the mention of the Voyager series of space probes. These were intended as a follow-up to the Mariner programme, but were not originally to be the Voyagers we know and love today. Here’s a link that explains in much more detail.
This is why I love Aerospace.
Q:How tall are you? :)
my to do list
- 1: you